Le rôle des politiques dans les coopérations d’entreprise

Depuis le lancement des Pôles de compétitivité, la politique industrielle est revenue, en France, au centre des débats politiques et économiques. On connaît les discussions analytiques autour de la justification d’une politique industrielle: pour l’économie standard, il s’agit d’une régulation face aux défaillances du marché…

The French experiment of the “Pôles de compétitivité” is an original initiative of the French authorities in order to promote innovation-oriented collaborations and synergies between large firms, small companies and public research centres at the regional level. As such, it represents a striking revival of industrial policy and governmentguided programs towards supporting regional projects in terms of economic development. Launched in 2005, this policy is still pursued successfully, despite some ambiguities, in particular those concerning the large geographic dispersion of the projects supported and the financial support concentrated on a few very large clusters.

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